Formely known as Ceylon, Sri Lanka is an island country in the northern Indian Ocean. Containing tropical forests and diverse landscapes with high biodiversity, the country is a traveler's paradise. The capital city of the island is called Colombo. Rock climbing, elephant riding and snorkeling are common activities during trips. Travelers may stumble across exotic traditions firsthand such as stick fishermen sitting on sticks while fishing the old way, or enjoy observing natural wildlife such as dolphin watching.